Archeological Site of Nineveh (Iraq), attacked by ISIL since Mid-2010
Nineveh, Nergal Gate
Nineveh is the oldest and was the most populous city of the ancient Assyrian empire, situated on the east bank of the Tigris River, in the vicinity of the modern city of Mossul, about 400 km north of Bagdad. Nineveh was located at the intersection of an important north to south and east to west trade routes, and its proximity to the Khawsar River incentivized its economic growth as agricultural and pastoral land. The original meaning of the name is unclear, but possibly refers to the patron goddess Ninâ associated with fish or the river itself. Nineveh developed into a magnificent and prosperous city in the 7th century BC, when designated as the capital of the Assyrian empire. Numerous urban buildings date from this period: streets, squares, the royal palace, the elaborate system of 18 canals, and the aqueduct.
Nineveh, exterior entrance of Adad Gate
Nineveh map, City Wall and Gates
Nineveh, North Palace, King huntin lion